Reasons Why the Education System in India Should be Changed
Many are concerned about the quality of education in India. People from various sectors are putting in their two cents worth in discussions about how the Indian education system can (or should) be changed. There are valid reasons why these discussions should persist. It is in everyone’s best interest to keep looking for ways to improve the quality of education in India.
The benefits of implementing key changes in education system in India include:
- Global competitiveness – India has one of the world’s biggest population. Making sure that its people are properly educated will allow the country to compete in many areas in the global marketplace. According to Kartikeya Sharma iTV Media Network, in more specific terms, a highly educated populace have access to more jobs and opportunities that can take the country to faster development.
Some of the key changes in the education system in India that will provide this benefit are English instruction and the production of learning materials in the local language. It might sound like these changes contradict each other, but they are actually complementary.
Increased English instruction will allow the students to understand the language better. Producing learning materials in the local language will allow students to learn the concepts and theories faster. Being able to work with both languages enhances comprehension and facilitates decision making as the situation requires.
- Empowered youth – A good India education empowers the youth to make the right choices, grab opportunities, and carve their own path. The youth of India should be given the freedom to explore and discover their own interests and dreams. This benefit can be gained from a more personal and experiential method of education.
The youth should be allowed to chase after their own dreams rather than simply be prepared for basic employment. Focus on skills development is required in order for the students to be empowered to choose their career path after they graduate from school.
- Better workforce and increased productivity – this translates to economic grown for the country. Graduates who are properly prepared and equipped are able to bring the same discipline to the workplace. Studies have proven that the most successful people are those who are well-developed in various aspects of their lives. With an India education system that supports personality development, students will develop the characteristics that are necessary to succeed in the workplace or in any business.
The current commodity –based and supply-demand business of running schools promote a conformist attitude that merely puts graduates on the payroll of bigger corporations. It is necessary to shift the focus of India education towards adding more practical work experience to the current syllabus if the graduates are to pursue their chosen careers and become productive members of society. Supplementing the current curriculum with additional training, specifically in newer technologies and industries, is recommended.
- Overall improvement in the quality of life – better jobs and higher pay definitely contribute to better quality of lives. Graduates who are more confident about the education that they have are also more confident about the future that they will face. These graduates have a better career outlook and economic prospects.
In practical terms, they are more likely to land better-paying jobs and climb the corporate ladder. Those with entrepreneurial skills can actually skip the rat race and create jobs or build things to spur economic activity. This effect of getting high-quality India education sends a ripple effect to the entire society as a whole.
As Anand Mishra of Star Infranet suggests, the necessary changes in the education system in India require political will, commitment, and sacrifice, to some extent. The people of India will also have to embrace the changes. After all, the benefits of a well-educated populace will be enjoyed by the entire nation and its coming generations.
Here are some of the recommended actions that need to happen before the changes in education system in India can be successfully implemented:
- Impose stricter accreditation standards – to separate the good from the bad, the government should be able to come up with stricter standards for schools to comply with before they are granted licenses. No educational facility should be allowed to operate without meeting the required quality of facilities, amount of resources, and manpower qualifications.
- Mandate continuous education for teachers – most of the teachers in India education do not have degrees further than their Bachelor’s degrees. They also do not have other researches to their names other than their thesis papers. The new education system should constantly evolve and teachers need to keep up with this pace to stay relevant.
To encourage compliance with continuous education requirements, the government can offer grants and programs for researches and further education. Other incentives like pay increases or allowances can also be added to the teacher compensation packages.
- Enhance teacher compensation packages – one of the reasons given for the lack of motivation for teachers is the meager salary that they get. The conditions in India schools were also cited as factors that contribute to the high teacher absenteeism. Teacher attendance rates in Indian educational facilities are only 75%-85%.
Many changes in the education system in India can stem from this. When teachers are properly compensated and given the right incentives, they are more motivated to teach. They gain self-respect and self-esteem. This, in turn, leads to better quality of teaching and more attention to the students. This improvement can inspire the students to do better in their schoolwork and to pursue their school and career goals.
- Encourage the sharing of educational resources – it is no secret that many places in India lack the resources to put up and run schools. This, however, is not excuse for not trying to give access to education to as many students as possible. Change has to start from somewhere.
The IITG started in 2010 with no building of its own and no complete teaching staff. Their teachers had to make regular trips to some locations and even give video lectures. There are places in India where resources are available. There are also private institutions that might have the capacity to provide funding for schools and R&D facilities.
- Invest in new methodologies of teaching – in the same way that creative and analytical thinking should be developed in the students, educators should also be creative and innovative in exploring other methods of teaching. It was reported that about 12,000 India education facilities already use the SmartClass technology in digital classrooms.
The Khan Academy’s flipped classroom model is also a good example of a new kind of methodology. However, it involves technology that some students/families might not have access to. Perhaps corporate citizens could be convinced to partner with the government in providing the required services to make this interactive method of learning work.
The solutions to changing the education system in India are out there. The government and the citizenry should be willing to take the steps now in order to reap the benefits sooner rather than later. A more holistic, collaborative, and technologically advanced approach to education is necessary to push India towards development in the coming years.