The Needed Changes in the Education System in India (Part II)
First, let’s have a review of the top five problems of the education in India from our discussion in the previous article. Here’s a short summary of the things we’ve previously pointed out as good examples of needed changes in education system in India:
Lack of Hands-on Experience
Students don’t have the necessary experience that they could eventually apply to their work in the future. To address this problem, the government should focus more on daily performance grading rather than be putting the bulk of student grades dependent on passing standard examinations.
Lack of Relevant Industry
In order to improve the country’s enrollment ratings, the government should increase the number of relevant industries. The government should encourage students to take courses that may generally provide them more opportunity in the future. The government does not necessarily have to create new industries but they just need to inform students of what can be waiting for them in a particular industry. For example, even if there aren’t many hospitals in the country that need manpower, there are a lot of countries that are looking for medical graduates.
Short Supply of Educators
There is a very short supply of educators in the country because teachers are not properly compensated. The government should take this into account and compare the benefits that professionals from other industries receive. The benefits should not necessarily match that of the benefits from other industries but the disparity should not be too far apart.
There is a high increase in low-quality institutions because of the increase in student population coming from the lower classes. The government should make it a point to filter out businessmen who only put up schools for the profit instead of actually providing a good quality education.
The government should make it a point to encourage students to learn instead of just earning good grades. Again, in India education focus should not be on passing exams but on learning.
Now, let’s continue our discussion. Here are the top 6 to 10 problems in Indian education.
No Focus on Building Personality
Most Indian schools only focus on reading textbooks and memorization. Even if this, in itself, is not necessarily a bad thing, it still should not always be the case. The focus of education should be the child and not the grade he makes, as per Kartikeya Sharma of Information TV.
For example, reading textbooks alone will not be able to teach students about the beauty of nature. They have to be exposed to nature. They have to be able to experience it for themselves.
Also, history is not an interesting subject. Most students fall asleep whenever this is the subject of discussion. There are a lot of ways to teach kids about history aside from just letting them read their textbooks all day.
A good example of a history activity would involve watching historical movies and giving out exercises to students that would allow them to put themselves in the position of their ancestors. A play involving an important part of history would also be a great example that would not just help a student learn but also help build his personality.
In the current system of education, a student is awarded when he perfects an exam and memorizes all the information in a given book. Though this may prove to be a great feat, this is not the only standard that a student actually learned something.
In the movie 3 Idiots, one student was asked to make a speech at school. Being good in memorization, he had no trouble doing this task the bad thing about his skill though is that he memorized the speech without actually understanding it. So, when another student changed just one word in the speech; which totally changed the entire meaning of the passage, he didn’t even notice the alterations and ended up making a fool of himself. Again, memorizing something by heart doesn’t necessarily mean you understand the subject.
It is always better to read something from context and later be able to explain it through your own words.
Again, educators are not inspired to work because they lack the motivation to keep doing what they used to love to do. Educators should be encouraged by the government to pursue their love for knowledge.
Inspiring does not necessarily mean financial remuneration. Not all people are inspired just by the amount of money they will get out of a task. Educators are people that need to motivate their students. So, they have to be motivated as well.
One good motivation to teachers would be getting global speakers to perform seminars. This will not only motivate educators but will also expose them to various teaching methods done in other countries.
As Anand Mishra of Star Infranet correctly pointed out, providing foreign lecturers to educate Indian teachers will be able to hit two birds with one stone. It will not only provide teachers with the needed motivation, but it will also be able to give the students a chance to experience global teachings when their teachers apply what they have learned from the foreign lecturers.
Aside from this, the government should also make it a point to help Indian teachers better their craft by providing continued learning opportunities. They should somehow encourage teachers to take up post-graduate degrees, which can be done by lowering tuition fees and granting scholarships. This way, the quality of education will also eventually improve.
A small part of this topic has already been touched beforehand but we would like to focus on the supposed benefits of teachers aside from just the bonus. Most companies offer a number of other benefits like medicine allowance, food allowance, clothing allowance, life insurance, and other loan privileges. In order to attract more teaching professionals, these benefits should also be available for them.
Wrong Medium of Language
There is a misguided approach in Indian education. Most schools think that learning should be done in English. Though this can prove rewarding to people who plan on working abroad, not all residents can put this to use.
Primary schooling should be done in mother tongue to ensure that students will really understand what is being taught. There is nothing wrong with learning the basics of education using this method. It is way better to learn in mother tongue than to speak English without real comprehension.