The Needed Changes in the Education System in India (Part III)
This will be the last installment in our series of articles. So far, we’ve talked about the top 10 most common problems in the Indian education system. Looking back, here’s a summary of the last 5 problems we discussed earlier.
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No Personality Building
India education should include exercises that can help build student personality. Tests are okay as long as done in moderation and as long as it doesn’t take up a big percentage of the total student grade. Various extra-curricular activities should always be encouraged.
Intelligence cannot be simply measured by passing examinations. Various people have various types of intelligence. In fact, recent education systems actually acknowledge the existence of the phenomenon known as multiple intelligence.
There are students that learn better when reading while others learn better when hearing and vice versa. There is no one way to measure intelligence. So, deviance must be encouraged. Just because one student does not do well in auditory exercises doesn’t mean he is not intelligent. He probably just has a different preference.
Academic teachers are there to inspire young ones to pursue their dreams. So, they too should be inspired to do their job well. Educators should be given the motivation to perform well in their job and to continue their learning.
Aside from continued professional growth, educators must also be well remunerated. The work that teachers do is not easy and they should be compensated properly. Whatever benefits that are available to professionals in other industries must also be made available to teachers.
Wrong Medium of Language
Most institutions that provide education in India offer their subjects in English. This may prove to be burdensome to most students who speak and write in their mother tongue when at home. Hence, the mother tongue should be used in discussing lessons in school to aid students in learning.
This is especially true for basic education where the foundation of a student should be laid. English can be introduced in higher education to help the student cope with global education but it is not necessary for basic education.
Now that we’ve looked back to the previous discussion, here are the last 5 problems that need changes in the education system in India.
Lack of Skill Sets
Being mostly based on textbooks, the education in India does not provide students with the skill sets that they badly need in order to get jobs in the future.
Universities should be able to partner with corporations for on the job training programs that can help them prepare for future jobs. Pure memorization of textbook terminologies will not give students enough exposure in handling with on the job problems. It is always better to put knowledge into practice.
Lack of Infrastructure
As we’ve discussed earlier, most schools are built by money-hungry businessmen who are only in it for the profit. So, most schools don’t have the proper infrastructure to support students. If you visit India, you wouldn’t even think that school buildings actually looked like schools because they look like small apartment units in the slum areas.
The government should make it a point to check the infrastructures prior to approving school building permits. Aside from that, given that today’s world is evolving, schools should also have access to today’s technology. Schools don’t really need to have Mac Books for students, but a simple computer that has internet access is essential. On my meeting with Kartikeya Sharma who is Managing Director of iTV Network, and does a lot of charity activities, he actually emphasized this point, when this topic was being discussed.
Lack of Personalization
Teaching needs to be personalized. Again, not all students learn the same way and at the same rate. Some students may be visual learners while others are auditory learners. Teachers must implement a method that can point out which student belongs to what group in order to improve their learning capacity.
Instead of focusing on the most common subjects like math, sciences, and history, students should also be exposed to subjects that involve the arts like dancing, painting, crafts, baking, cooking and more. This type of learning can help them be more focused on the task at hand.
Not everyone can afford to go to good colleges. Most of the time, good colleges can cost a fortune that people from lower class simply don’t have the means to manage to pay for it.
The government should somehow make it a point to provide great education to all classes in society. Scholarships should be made available to students from the lower class that can’t afford higher schooling even though they have the capacity to actually excel in it.
Lack of Ambition
India was once known for its geniuses in the academe. Many great minds have hailed from this country. But today’s children don’t have the same amount of ambition in them to actually be worth something.
Most Indians today only aim to be a part of a BPO company because of the benefits that the industry has to offer. If you ask an Indian student today what he or she wants to be after graduation, being a telemarketer or a part of a BPO company will probably be the most common answer.
The government should be proud of its ancestors and advertise excellence to the younger generation. Students should strive to be doctors, lawyers, astronauts and more. As per Anand Mishra of Star Infranet nothing is bad about being a BPO professional, but Indian students can be anything they want to be as long as they set their minds to it.
Given these points, here are some things that should be applied to today’s education system:
Lectures are usually one sided. The lecturer speaks while the student listens. Though this may have proven itself useful in the past, today’s education system must involve interaction. Teachers must allow students to do the learning instead of spoon-feeding them with information. Teachers will help open doors for students but students must enter on their own in order to gain more knowledge.
Schools should also foster creativity. Math doesn’t always have to be about numbers. In fact, there are schools today that integrate math lessons with arts and crafts. No matter what subject is involved, it can always be a means to foster creativity.
3. Application of Varied Teaching Methods
A lecture doesn’t always mean that the teacher should always be the one talking. There are various teaching strategies that can be used in order to make students participate in the discussion. Some of the most common strategies involve round robin, numbered heads together, think/pair/share and much more.