The Needed Changes in the Education System in India (Part I)
India has many problems in its education system. Our previous article merely stated 15 of the most commonly observed problem areas of Indian Education. This article aims to point out the needed changes in the education system in India.
In our previous article, we’d also pointed out 15 of the most observed problems in the education system of the country. Now, we’re going to focus on the possible ways to address all of these problems.
We will be focusing on the first five problems and discuss the remaining problems in a different article.
Lack of Hands-on Experience
As Anand Mishra of Star Infranet correctly pointed out, like most schools in a third world country, India’s education system focuses on gauging the skills of students through standardized examinations. Generally, students are tested through memorization. Most examinations can be answered by yes or no and doesn’t really involve any sort of critical thinking whatsoever.
Some of the most common types of examination questions often include multiple choice, true or false, identification and matching type. All of these mainly involve memorization of terms and doesn’t necessarily gauge the understanding of the student. It can gauge how well the student memorized the terms. But it does not necessarily prove anything as to how the students can apply such terms.
In order to improve India education, students should not be tested through standard examinations. Students should be able to apply what they learn and express the meanings of various terminologies with their own words instead of memorizing each terminology like robots.
Students should be graded based on their daily performances instead of putting a bigger focus on test results. Standard examinations are not bad, in general, because they can sum up the student’s understanding of the subject matter. The bad thing, however, is the fact that a student’s entire grade usually depends on standard examination results. It is common for teachers to put a bigger emphasis on tests. Instead of giving a greater emphasis on standard tests, daily performances should form part of a bigger percentage of a student’s grade.
Lack of Relevant Industry
Most students in India today only aim to be part of the service industry. This is largely because of the fact that service industries provide better compensation packages or benefits to employees. In order to address this problem, the government should think of a way to improve the various industries in the country. Recently our Prime Minister Narendra Modi talked about Skill India. This totally corroborates with the problems being faced by the students, once they search for Jobs.
This does not necessarily mean that the country should create more jobs. Instead, those in the government should think of ways to provide better compensation to employees in various industries. For example, they can opt to increase the wages of teachers all over the country.
In case the government cannot create job openings in the country, it would also be a good idea to promote job advertisements from other countries in order to encourage students that there are a lot of opportunities in other industries.
For example, the government should promote the great need of professionals in the US and other countries that provide better pay. This can encourage students to take related courses because of the possibility of working abroad.
Short Supply of Educators
Teaching is not an easy job. Teaching involves more than 12 hours of work as compared to office hours that only usually last for 8 hours a day. So, it is understandable why students do not prefer to enter the academe. Why would anyone want to work 12 hours a day and still bring work at home if they could have the option to work in much better conditions for only 8 hours a day?
In order to address the problem in the short supply of educators, the government should propose new teaching methods that don’t necessarily involve checking test papers every now and then. Sometimes, checking papers can take up so much of the teacher’s time that should have been dedicated to mastering his skill and improving his subject matter. This is where the suggestion about focusing on daily performances instead of written tests falls into play.
Aside from this, teachers are not properly compensated by the government for the work that they do. Compared to IT jobs, teaching jobs offer much less compensation. Teachers should be given more than just enough compensation for the work that they do.
Most IT professionals get around 16 up to 19 months of pay every year. The additional 4 to 7 months are given as bonuses for good employee performance. The same can’t be said about teaching professionals who rarely receive bonuses from their employers. At most, teachers only receive around 13 months of pay every year. That is, if they still receive any. So, giving them bonuses around the area of what IT professionals receive will surely be able to attract more people who are willing to get into education as a profession.
Because of the great need for educational institutions but the low income to actually pay for a good quality education, there are people who put up schools and other similar institutions just for the purpose of profit.
These individuals saw the need for educational institutions and grabbed it by the horn. However, they did not go into business to educate people. They are only in the business of making money. So, they end up giving poor quality education because that is what the poor people can afford.
Only the most elite individuals are eventually able to get the best education because they can afford to enter expensive schools.
The government should make it a way to properly filter business people to enter the academic industry. The government should protect its people from business-minded individuals that don’t really have any good education to offer.
The government should ensure that the people that enter the academic industry are actually there for the purpose of instilling knowledge to the population.
As stated beforehand, students are not really given the opportunity to develop their personalities in school. Students are only taught to memorize terminologies and only aim to top standardized examinations. Learning should not be a rat race.
In order to improve education in India, the government should make it a point to encourage the academy to create a new curriculum that will focus on providing students with analytical skills and personality development courses.